Lead Mines Scrip, Granby


An important and historical note from the Civil War…
Lead was essential for the manufacture of ammunition and the Confederacy wanted to maintain control of the lead mines in Granby and elsewhere. However, the Union wanted to seize the Granby mine for the same purpose. The lead mining “rush” at Granby, in Newton County, Missouri began in the 1850s. In less than ten years there were 8,000 residents and the mines produced over 25,000,000 tons of lead. It was the largest source in Missouri and one the largest in the nation. When this note was printed, Granby was still under Confederate control and the note was payable to Major George W. Clark at Fort Smith, Arkansas. Clark organized supplies for General Benjamin McCulloch from Fort Smith. The Union took control of Granby in October 1862, but the smelter was destroyed shortly after during the Battle of Granby. During that battle, Stand Waitie commanded Native American soldiers for the Confederacy. This note features a steamboat vignette as well as one of a farmer standing. A red ONE DOLLAR protector panel is at center and the note is printed on the back of an unissued draft of Broadwell, Haynes, & Payne.