BH.CO-EM.20*

250 Fils

Bahrain

1969

The obverse depicts a zaruq fishing dhow at sea, and a date palm on shore. Zaruq dhows have been reported in varying lengths, ranging from 15 – 82 ft (4.6-25 m). A zaruq with a length of 36 ft (11 m) may have a beam of about 7 ft (2.1 m) and a depth of about 1.5 ft (0.5 m). The zaruq has a single mast and carries one or two lateen sails (a quadrilateral sail on a long yard at an angle of 45º to the mast; it looks triangular). The lateen yard is very long in proportion to the mast and hull.

The word lateen is based on a misunderstanding. Western Europeans first saw such sails on ships from the eastern Mediterranean at the time of the Crusades. They called the sail in French a voile latine (Latin sail), pronounced as lateen in English. Probably this type of sail has been in use in the Arabian seas since at least the 4th century CE.

The reverse shows the ear of corn logo of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations and the FAO’s motto FIAT PANIS (Let There Be Bread)